Facts About Water Fluoridation
water fluoridation safe?
What level of fluoride is added?
* parts per million, ppm, is equivalent to one cent in $10,000
my child continue taking fluoride supplements?
Is fluoride considered a nutrient?
my family continue brushing with fluoride toothpaste?
Will a water softener affect
the fluoride levels in my home's tap water?
Why did the Pinellas County
Board of County Commissioners decide to fluoridate the
county's public water supply?
Specifically, Pinellas County relied on the reviews of data and/or the recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), US Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA), American Medical Association (AMA), American Dental Association (ADA), US Surgeon General, Florida Health Department and the County Health Department.
The Pinellas County Board of County Commissioners acted with a thorough review of the fluoridation information and, based on the data supported in concert with the majority of its water customers, felt that there was a health benefit associated with fluoridation of the public water supply.
Does fluoridated water increase
the lead levels in children?
Does fluoridated water affect
the plumbing in my home?
Does the water softening process
affect the concentration of fluoride in my drinking water?
What is fluorosis and when
does it occur?
Dental fluorosis is caused by a disruption in enamel formation which occurs during tooth development in early childhood. Enamel formation of permanent teeth, other than third molars (wisdom teeth), occurs from about the time of birth until approximately five years of age. After tooth enamel is completely formed, dental fluorosis cannot develop even if excessive fluoride is ingested. Older children and adults are not at risk for dental fluorosis. Dental fluorosis only becomes apparent when the teeth erupt. Because dental fluorosis occurs while teeth are forming under the gums, teeth that have erupted are not at risk for dental fluorosis. (American Dental Association. Fluoridation Facts 1999.)
Is it true that over time
fluoride (provided through water fluoridation) accumulates
in the body causing adverse bone health affects, such as
According to generally accepted scientific knowledge, the ingestion of optimally fluoridated water does not have an adverse effect on bone health. Evidence of advanced skeletal fluorosis, or crippling skeletal fluorosis, “was not seen in communities in the United States where water supplies contained up to 20 ppm (natural levels of fluoride).” Crippling skeletal fluorosis is extremely rare in the United States and is not associated with optimally fluoridated water. (American Dental Association. Fluoridation Facts 1999.)
Are we at risk of consuming
too much fluoride through foods, beverages AND water?
Children living in a community with water fluoridation get a portion of their daily fluoride intake from fluoridated water and a portion from dietary sources which would include food and other beverages. When considering water fluoridation, an individual must consume one liter of water fluoridated at 1 part per million (1 ppm) to receive 1 milligram (1 mg) of fluoride. Children under six years of age would consume, on average, less than 0.5mg of fluoride a day from drinking optimally fluoridated water (at 1 ppm).
The optimal concentration for fluoride in water in the United States has been established in the range of 0.7 to 1.2 ppm, depending on the annual average of the maximum daily air temperature in the geographic area. Therefore, in Pinellas County, the optimal concentration for fluoride in water is 0.7 ppm.
Studies of fluoride intake from the diet including foods, beverages and water indicate the fluoride ingestion from these sources has remained relatively constant for over half a century and, therefore, is not likely to be associated with an observed increase in dental fluorosis. Dental decay has decreased because children today are being exposed to fluoride from a wider variety of sources than decades ago.
(American Dental Association. Fluoridation Facts 1999.)
Can I remove the fluoride from my home drinking water?
health studies exist on the chemicals used in water fluoridation?
Also visit the following websites for information on water fluoridation: